What Does MEAN Stack Stand For?
MEAN Stack stands for the components that make it up: MongoDB, ExpressJS, AngularJS, and NodeJS. This order is used to make MEAN easy to remember. In actuality, NodeJS should be installed first. Once node.js has been properly installed, MongoDB can be set up on the server.
Now we are ready to begin developing our web applications using AngularJS as the scripting language.
We will leave these variations for a later time. Let’s take look into the individual components of the standards MEAN Stack.
MongoDB is an alternative database that is categorized as a NoSQL database that does not use the usual table-based relationship structure. It serves as the backend of applications developed using the MEAN Stack. The avoidance of this typical database structure translates into smoother data integration, and thus, smoother running applications. MongoDB is free, open-source, and ranks fourth in terms of web database usage.
ExpressJS is a framework for NodeJS (which will be described later) specifically designed for the development of web applications. It serves as the industry standard server framework for NodeJS. Express streamlines management of server functions such as routing and managing requests, and allows applications developed using the MEAN Stack to follow the model-viewer-controller (MVC) paradigm.
Why Use the MEAN Stack
The MEAN Stack allows web developers to create scalable, efficient applications with great ease. This software bundle is completely open-source and free, so it can be installed and used without paying a dime – apart from the fee with your hosting company of course. Webmasters that would rather employ the services of experts than take the time to learn how to develop with the MEAN Stack themselves may find themselves paying quite a bit to get their needs met.
If MEAN sounds too, well, mean, to wrap your head around, do not worry. If you do not want to hire a “ninja” to do the job for you, there are plenty of free tutorials online that will teach you the ends and outs of the MEAN Stack!